OTHER NAMES: tinta femia (Spain-Galicia), borraçal (Portugal).
Caíño tinto is a variety of red grape native to Galicia, cultivated in Galicia and the north of Portugal. It is a variety with high levels of fertility and early budburst, which means it is significantly affected by frost. Is also sensitive to botrytis and highly sensitive to oidium. Its long ripening cycle means that the vines, and not directly the clusters, need to be exposed to as much sunlight as possible.
The clusters are of medium compactness, conical and with no protuberances. The spherical grapes are regular in shape and of a uniform blackish-blue colour. The bloom level is medium and the navel generally scarcely apparent. The uncoloured flesh of the grape is substantial, soft and free of specific tastes. The pedicel is easily separated and has a ring.
Wines of the caíño tinto variety are habitually used in blends to complement varieties of greater structure. In single-varietal wines or used as a base grade, caíño tinto gives fresh, young wines with intense fruity and floral aromas, fresh with a good mouthfeel. Aged single-varietal wines with caíño tinto take on a cherry red hue and the aroma of ripe red berries. The mouthfeel of these full-bodied wines is good.